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Complete Guide To Baroque Horses: The Epitome of Elegance

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Ever dreamed of a horse that’s a perfect blend of strength, grace, and intelligence? Say hello to the Baroque horse. Discover the history, physical traits, and 15 fascinating breeds of these majestic creatures. Don’t miss out on the chance to learn more about these irresistible horse breeds.

Are you looking for a type of horse that embodies strength, elegance, and agility?

Look no further than the Baroque horse.

Baroque horses are a majestic breed that originated in Europe during the Baroque era. They are descendants of the powerful destrier warhorses of the Middle Ages and were developed into a distinct type over time.

Today, these horses are still amazing people with their beautiful looks, impressive movements, and intelligence.

This blog post will cover the history and traits of 15 Baroque horse breeds. These include the Andalusian, Friesian, and Lusitano.

Join me as we delve into the world of Baroque horses and discover what makes these animals so unique and captivating.

What is a Baroque Horse?

Baroque horse meaning, a type of horse you dream of and see in the movies. They are a group of breeds known for their muscular builds, arched necks, and flowing manes and tails. They are descended from a popular type of horse that was used during Europe’s Baroque period. Originally used as warhorses, they later adapted into a distinct type of horse that is ideal for classical dressage.

They are strong, powerful, and have an elegant, graceful presence.

Baroque horses are versatile and excel in dressage, pleasure riding, and bullfighting.

They have been around for hundreds of years. Despite this, their popularity keeps increasing. They continue to win the hearts and minds of horse lovers and moviegoers worldwide.

By the way, if you’re unsure how to pronounce “baroque”, it is pronounced, “buh-roke.”

Let’s now go over the physical traits that make Baroque horses stand out, after discussing their historical importance.

Characteristics of Baroque Horses

Baroque horses are strikingly unique in their physical appearance and conformation.

They have a strong and elegant physique. They have powerful hindquarters and a sloping croup. This allows for ease of engagement and collected work.

Their necks are thick, pronounced, and developed, extending from the top of the withers, not the lower part of the shoulders.

The most distinguishing feature of Baroque horses is their Roman nose, which is convex or straight in profile.

They have a muscular build. They are also recognized for their long, flowing manes and tails. These features contribute to their regal and impressive appearance.

Each of the 15 Baroque horse breeds has slightly different breed standards. But, they all have similar physical characteristics. These include small ears, large nostrils, and broad faces.

The unique gaits and movements of these horses are another aspect that sets them apart from other breeds.

They also have a unique and bouncy gait. They have high knee action which is something that makes them so ideal for the classical dressage discipline.

But what makes these horses different from other breeds is how they act.

People say that these horses are willing, brave, and want to work hard with their riders. They are very kind and smart, which makes them easy to train and ride, even for young children who are just starting out.

Historically, Baroque horses played a significant role in the military and royal courts due to their strength and agility.

Today, they are sought after for their beauty, athleticism, and trainability.

Baroque horses have a distinctive physical appearance and a regal temperament. They have been captivating equestrians and horse enthusiasts for centuries.

The 15 Baroque Horse Breeds


Andalusian Horse

The Andalusian is a popular Baroque horse breed with a distinctive appearance and noble personality. They usually stand 15-16 hands tall. 

Originating in Andalucia, Spain, Andalusians are descended from the Iberian war horses of Spain and Portugal. Andalusian horses are known for their strength and nobility. They have an arched neck, rounded profile, deep barrel, and large bone. Baroque horses are great at many disciplines.

Again this includes dressage, saddle seat, jumping, carriage driving, and bullfighting. They are very athletic, can easily collect themselves, and are very versatile.  Merlin the bullfighting horse was a famous Andalusian stallion known for his bravery and agility in the bullring. Andalusians come in a variety of colors such as gray, bay, dun, palomino, black, and chestnut.

They have a kind and intelligent temperament, expressive features, and are people-oriented. Still, the Andalusian is a proud and captivating Baroque horse breed.

PRE Stallion

Purebred Spanish Horse

The Purebred Spanish Horse, or PRE, is a versatile and noble breed with a rich history dating back to the Iberian Peninsula and Northern Africa. It is often confused with the Andalusian, but DNA confirmation and other controls ensure breed purity.

It can only breed with other Purebred Spanish Horses. The Purebred Spanish Horse Stud Book authorized by the Spanish Government improves the PRE Horse breed on a global scale. These horses also excel in classical dressage, show jumping, bullfighting, and the Running of the Bulls.

They are also well-suited for equestrian sports, but especially the dressage and carriage driving. Baroque horses are a top choice for equestrian activities. Because of their strength, agility, temperament, and elegance.

Image is not a Frederiksborger but a baroque chestnut horse. Frederiksborgers are usually chestnut in color.


The Frederiksborger is a rare and prestigious Baroque horse breed from Denmark, with a loyal following. It was very popular during the Renaissance and Baroque periods and was considered a luxury item.

This versatile and elegant breed is known for its athletic ability and beautiful chestnut coat with white markings. It has a well-proportioned head, a powerful, high-set neck, and strong hindquarters, making it an excellent horse for both riding and driving. Its history is fascinating, with roots tracing back to the Royal Frederiksborg Stud, founded in 1562 by King Frederik II.

The Frederiksborger breed almost became extinct in the 19th century, but private breeders helped it make a comeback. This breed is versatile and excels in various equestrian sports, and continues to attract horse enthusiasts worldwide with its beauty, grace, and noble presence.

baroque Friesian horse

Friesian Horse

The Baroque Friesian is a recognizable Baroque horse breed, with a long history dating back to the Middle Ages. Originating from the Friesland region of the Netherlands, this majestic breed was bred as a draft horse and used as a destrier.

The Friesian horse is highly prized for its impressive skills in dressage and driving. Its flashy, high-stepping trot also makes it a favored carriage horse for European royalty.

The Friesian horse has faced challenges in its history, such as being near extinction. However, dedicated breeders have worked hard to preserve the breed’s unique characteristics.

The Baroque horse breed boasts a black coat that catches the eye, along with a muscular build that showcases their strength and agility. Additionally, their gentle demeanor only adds to their overall elegance.



The Kladruber is one of the oldest Baroque horse breeds, with a rich history spanning almost 400 years. The Kladruber is a heavy carriage horse breed in the Czech Republic.

They have a distinct appearance, characterized by a long, arched neck, upright shoulders, and a high-stepping trot. The breed was originally used for imperial ceremonies in Vienna and has survived significant setbacks. This included the liquidation of their entire stock in 1930.

Today, the Kladruber can be seen in international combined driving competitions and is occasionally crossbred for dressage. This breed has a unique history and a striking appearance like that of other baroque breeds.

Lippizan stallion


The Lipizzan is a Baroque-type horse breed that originated in the Habsburg Empire in Austria during the 16th century. These horses are known for their striking appearance, intelligence, strength, endurance, and harmonious movement. 

The Lipizzan horse typically stands at 14.2-16 hands high, making them a smaller breed of Baroque horse. With a long head, muscular neck, deep jaw, broad nostrils, and large expressive eyes, the Lipizzan possesses a distinctive outline that is either straight or slightly convex.

They have a deep, wide chest, broad croup, and strong legs with broad joints. While most horses are white or gray, bay horses also occur. Lipizzan horses are known for their association with classical horsemanship.

They are often seen in performances by the Spanish Riding School of Vienna, which was established in 1735. These horses are intelligent, strong, and athletic, and they excel in classical dressage, driving, and jumping.



Lusitanos are a majestic Baroque horse breed that originated in Portugal. They generally stand at a height of 15-16 hands and have a powerful and elegant build.

This breed is descended from Iberian war horses. It is known for its deep chest, muscular sloping shoulders, and noble features such as a pronounced jaw and almond-shaped eyes.

Lusitanos have a wide range of coat colors, including chestnut, bay, palomino, and buckskin. They were originally bred for classical dressage, driving, and bullfighting, but now they are used in various equestrian disciplines around the world.

Their intelligence, willingness to learn and boldness make them excellent choices for riders of all levels.

Alter Real Horse Herd

Alter Real

The Alter Real is a baroque horse breed originating from Portugal and closely related to the Lusitano. They are known for their high action and knee flexion, making them well-suited for classical dressage.

Established in 1748 for the Royal Stables in Lisbon, the breed faced challenges during the Peninsular War and the end of the monarchy in Portugal.

However, efforts to revive the breed were successful, and today they are considered a part of Portugal’s cultural heritage.

The Alter Real horses are predominantly brown, have a similar size to the Lusitano, and are known for their elegance and grace in movements.



The Menorquin horse is a rare Baroque breed native to Menorca, Spain.

The Menorquin is a distinctive all-black breed with a slender and majestic silhouette. They have long, slim limbs and a well-proportioned head with lively eyes and a straight or slightly convex profile.

Menorquins excel in most riding disciplines, but particularly in Menorcan dressage.

Although an endangered breed with only a few thousand individuals remaining, the Menorquin continues to captivate equestrians worldwide with its elegance and versatility.



The Warlander is a Baroque horse breed known for its powerful and elegant build.

It was created by crossing Iberian breeds such as the Andalusian, Lusitano, or Menorquina with Friesian-type horses. With a sturdy, robust build, a straight profile, and a broad skull, Warlanders have a flowing mane and tail and can be any solid color.

Originally developed as cavalry horses, they are now used for various equestrian sports due to their agility, strength, and speed. The breed is known for its lively, noble, willing, docile, and adaptable temperament. This makes them easy to train and popular for general riding purposes.

Despite being a recent breed, the Warlander has already gained popularity among equestrians. This is due to its versatility and excellent riding qualities.



The Azteca Horse is a muscular breed. It was created in 1972 by crossbreeding Andalusian stallions with Quarter Horse and Criollo mares in Mexico.

They are natural athletes and excel in many sports such as team penning, cutting, dressage, jumping, and bullfighting. The breed is registered with the Associacion Mexicana de Criadores de Caballos de Raza Azteca.

Between 10,000 and 15,000 horses have been registered as of 2005. The Azteca Horse is a fascinating breed, with an easygoing personality and excellent training ability. It continues to captivate horse enthusiasts worldwide.



The Murgese is a striking and rare Baroque horse breed that originated in the Murge region of Italy. They were developed by crossing Barb and Arabian bloodlines.

This resulted in a hardy horse well-adapted to the hilly woodlands and grazing lands of the region. These horses are most commonly used for cross-country riding due to their agility and endurance.

The Murgese breed was once utilized by the Italian cavalry and for light draft work. Unfortunately, their population declined drastically. However, they were re-established through selective breeding in 1926. Today, the Murgese is recognized by the ANAMF and has gained popularity as a riding horse.

Interestingly, their ancestors are believed to have influenced the Lipizzaner breed through founding stallions Conversano and Neapolitano.

Hispano Arabe

Hispano Arabe

The Hispano-Árabe is a Baroque breed that is gaining popularity due to its versatility in many equestrian sports. It originated in Andalusia, Spain in the 19th century as a cross between Andalusian and Arabian horses, resulting in a light and well-proportioned horse.

They typically have dark or gray coats and are known for their intelligence, sensitivity, and docility. The Hispano-Árabe is a great choice for disciplines such as dressage, driving, endurance riding, and eventing.

Although the breed has small numbers, breeders’ associations are working to preserve this unique and versatile horse.

Spanish Mustang

Spanish Mustang

The Spanish Mustang descends from baroque breeds and is from direct descendant of horses from the Golden Age of Spain. They are known for their straight or slightly concave facial profile, almond-shaped eyes, and crescent-shaped nostrils.

With a height range of 13.2 to 15 hands high and weight between 650 to 1100 pounds, they come in various coat colors. The breed is capable of enduring rigorous activities such as endurance riding, dressage, racing, jumping, and polo.

These horses have immense stamina and are hardy, making them a significant part of North America’s historic heritage.

However, their population has declined over the years, and efforts have been made to preserve and conserve their genetics. This is through organizations like the Spanish Mustang Registry and the Spanish Mustang Foundation.

baroque morgan

Morgan Horse

The Morgan horse is a breed developed in the United States and is one of the earliest horse breeds. Some lines of Morgan can have the baroque body type. It is compact and refined, with a strong build and a straight or slightly convex profile with a broad forehead.

The neck is upright and graceful, and the back is short with a strongly muscled croup. The Morgan is known for its versatility and is used in both English and Western disciplines. Morgans have influenced other major American breeds, including the American Quarter Horse and the Tennessee Walking Horse. The breed has a reputation for intelligence, courage, and a good disposition.

Registered Morgans come in a variety of colors, and they are known for being easy keepers. The Morgan horse played a significant role in American history. Served as coach horses, for harness racing, as general riding animals, and as cavalry horses during the American Civil War.

Today, they are used for endurance riding, general riding, jumping, racing, competitive trail riding, and driving.

barock pinto

Barock Pinto

The Barock Pinto horse is a harmoniously built, black Pinto warmblood horse that has at least 37.5% Friesian blood. It originated from a crossbreeding between a Pinto warmblood horse and a Friesian horse.

The horse must have at least two white spots on the body with a diameter of 10cm each, and its desired hair color is black Pinto spots. The breed has four registers in the studbook, depending on the information available about the horse’s pedigree.

Barock Pinto horses are famous for their high knee skips and expressive and elegant gait. This makes them perfect for dressage, carriage driving, combined competitions, and recreational riding. These horses are friendly, eager to learn, and have a well-balanced nature, making them reliable and loyal companions for riders.

 Barock Pinto horses have a baroque physique, elegant heads, and striking black and white overo or tobiano pattern coat. They originated in Friesland by crossbreeding Friesian mares with dappled Old Gelderland horses in the 1950s. This breed is versatile and suitable for riders of all levels.

Baroque Horses Vs. Warmbloods

Baroque Horses Vs. Warmbloods

As a lover of Baroque horses, I have often been asked about the differences between these majestic breeds and the popular warmbloods. While both have their own unique qualities, there are distinct differences in conformation, temperament, and movement.

They have a strong and agile body type, with a gentle temperament and great intelligence. They are easy to train and safe to ride, making them ideal for riders of all skill levels. In contrast, warmbloods focus on performance and movement, often only using the best professionally performing horses in their breeding program.

In terms of conformation, Baroque horses tend to have a shorter stride than warmbloods, but their movements are graceful and fluid. Their necks are arched and muscular, with a good insertion on the head and body. Their shoulders are long and muscular, while their legs are shorter in proportion. Warmbloods, on the other hand, have longer strides and are bred for their athleticism and agility. Their shoulders are also long and muscular, but their legs tend to be longer in proportion.

When it comes to temperament, Baroque horses are known for their balanced, spirited yet noble and docile nature. They are extremely intelligent and have great hearts, which gives them a great capacity for learning. Warmbloods are known for their willing, intelligent, noble, and honest temperament. This is especially important in sports horses.

So, which discipline is each type better suited for? Baroque horses are well-suited for classical dressage, with their elegant and fluid movements. They also excel in high school dressage and driving, with their strong and agile bodies. Warmbloods, on the other hand, are ideal for show jumping, eventing, and other athletic disciplines. These require speed, agility, and athleticism.

Both horses have their own unique qualities and are suited for different disciplines. Whether you prefer the grace and elegance of a Baroque horse or the athleticism and agility of a warmblood. Both are excellent choices for any equestrian enthusiast.

Uses of Baroque Horses

Uses of Baroque Horses

Baroque horses have a rich history and were used for a variety of purposes. They were traditionally used as war horses, charging fearlessly into battle. Their bravery and strength made them valuable assets on the battlefield.

Also to this, Baroque horses were also used as carriage horses and bullfighting horses. The Iberian breeds were particularly popular for dressage displays, cavalry, and bullfighting.

Today, Baroque horses are still seen in modern equestrian sports such as dressage, pleasure riding, and showing. Their agility, strength, and athleticism make them well-suited for these disciplines. They are particularly popular for classical dressage. They make excellent partners due to their intelligence and willingness to learn.

One of the advantages of using Baroque horses in certain disciplines is their natural adjustability. Iberian horses have unique biomechanics and will develop any form of gaits you want. But you must train them patiently with regular transitions, turns, and exercises. Classical dressage is a discipline that suits Baroque horses particularly well.

In summary, the Baroque horse breeds have a rich history and are well-suited for a variety of purposes. From their traditional uses as war horses and carriage horses to modern uses in dressage and pleasure riding. They continue to impress with their strength, agility, and willingness to learn.

If you’re looking for a partner in equestrian sports, Baroque horses are an excellent choice. Keep in mind finding a reputable baroque horse breeder is essential to ensuring that you find a quality horse.

Training and Riding Baroque Horses

Due to their unique characteristics,  these horses make ideal for dressage horses as well as excel in other equestrian sports. They have a natural talent for collected work such as piaffe and passage.

Proper training and riding involve a classical approach that values the health and well-being of each horse. This includes endless gymnastic exercises with slow, energetic steps. As well as patient work with many transitions turns, and exercises to let the horse understand its job.

The goal is to engage the horse’s intellect and get it to want to do what the rider would like, without hustling or compressing the horse.

Baroque horse riding requires a balanced seat, light hands, and a deep understanding of these horses. When it comes to riding them, it’s important to remember that these horses are individuals with their own unique talents and needs.

The rider must learn to not disturb the horse, have their body and emotions under control, and concentrate on letting the horse “shine”. This means using the finest, almost invisible aids, and communicating with the horse through the thighs and weight aids.

Baroque classical horse training emphasizes the importance of balance, flexibility, and precision. Riders and trainers use classical-baroque training techniques to improve the Baroque horses. This includes in-hand work and working on difficult lessons like piaffe and passage.

Baroque Horses in History

Baroque Horses in History

Baroque horses have a rich history and have played important roles throughout history. From their use as war horses to their role in aristocracy, these horses have made a significant impact on the equestrian world.

Throughout history, many famous Baroque horses have left a lasting impact on the equestrian world. One such horse was Neapolitan, owned by the Spanish Riding School of Vienna. Neapolitan was known for his stunning performances in the classical riding tradition, and his legacy still lives on today.  

The Neapolitan horse was used as a foundation for the development of several baroque horse breeds. This includes the Frederiksborger and the Lipizzan.

Baroque horses have also been a significant influence on art and culture. These majestic creatures have been depicted in paintings, sculptures, and literature throughout history. One of the most famous Baroque horse paintings is “Whistlejacket” by George Stubbs. This painting depicts a magnificent stallion in all his glory.

Besides their cultural impact, they have also played important roles in warfare and aristocracy. These horses were sought after for their strength, courage, and intelligence, making them ideal for battle.

The aristocracy became more focused on diplomacy and displays of wealth. At this point, Baroque horses became an important status symbol.

During the Renaissance and Baroque periods, these horses played a significant role. They helped develop the equestrian culture and breeding practices. Royal courts throughout Europe established their own breeds of horses. Each of these with its own distinct characteristics and talents.

These breeding programs helped to establish the Baroque horse as a unique and highly specialized type of horse.

Many historical figures have owned or ridden Baroque horses. This includes famous equestrians, monarchs, and military leaders. One of the most famous riders of one of these horses was King Louis XIV of France, who was known for his love of these majestic animals.

Overall, Baroque horses have a rich and fascinating history that has left a lasting impact on the equestrian world.

Baroque Horses In Modern Day

Baroque Horses In Modern Day

As a lover of Baroque horses, I am always delighted to see the popularity of these majestic animals in modern times. From classical dressage performances to mounted bullfighting, they continue to captivate audiences today.

It’s encouraging to see the efforts of breeders and organizations to preserve and promote these breeds. With their distinctive Roman profile, thicker necks, and slender bodies, these horses are truly a sight to behold.

It’s important that we continue to appreciate and support these breeds. This ensures their preservation for future generations.

Baroque horses are popular in the equestrian world for their bravery and willingness to work. This makes them great for sports like dressage, jumping, and carriage driving. They are often seen at competitions. This includes the World Equestrian Games, and the International Andalusian and Lusitano Horse Association shows.

Baroque horse magazine is a great resource for learning about the breed, its history, and current events today.

Looking to the future, I believe that Baroque horses will continue to play an important role in the equestrian world. These horses have a lot of potential for future breeding and development.

As a result, we can expect to see even more impressive performances from them in the future.

baroque horse tack

Baroque Horse Tack

The Baroque horse equipment has a unique style and beauty. From ornate saddles to intricate bridles and bits, this tack is truly a work of art.

Baroque horse tack is designed specifically for the Baroque horse breed and its unique features. These horses are known for their muscular build, arched necks, and high-stepping gaits. The equipment is designed to fit the physical features of Baroque horses. It also displays their graceful appearance from the Baroque period.

Saddles for baroque horses should be designed to accommodate their robust build and arched necks, with shorter flaps and a wider seat. A dressage saddle for a baroque horse should be designed with a wider gullet and a flatter tree to accommodate the horse’s conformation. 

When selecting a baroque horse bridle, look for a design that complements the horse’s strong and noble features. A baroque horse browband can be an elegant addition to a bridle, showcasing the horse’s unique features.

The right baroque horse bit will depend on the horse’s temperament and the rider’s level of experience.

A baroque horse halter should fit snugly but not too tight and should be made of high-quality materials to ensure durability.

If you’re looking to buy Baroque-style tack there are several online stores that offer a variety of options. A baroque horse store should carry a variety of equipment and accessories specifically designed for this type of horse.

The Baroque Horse Shop and Barok Shop both have a wide selection of saddles, bridles, bits, and other tack. Baroque Iberian Equine Store is another great option for those looking for high-quality Baroque horse gear. Additionally, Etsy has a variety of individual sellers offering handmade Baroque horse tack.

As you search for the perfect Baroque horse products, keep in mind that authenticity is key. When looking for equipment for your horse, choose items that reflect the beauty of the Baroque period while also being practical. With the right equipment, you and your Baroque horse will be ready to shine in the arena or on the trail.


As we come to the end of this blog post, let’s recap the important points we have covered about Baroque horses and their significance. We have learned that 

Baroque-type horses are a group of breeds known for their beauty, strength, and versatility. They have been bred and trained for various purposes, including war, dressage, and bullfighting.

By learning about the various Baroque horse breeds, we have come to appreciate their distinct traits and qualities. Baroque horses played a significant role in history, culture, and equestrian sports. Because of that, they deserve recognition for it. These majestic animals are truly remarkable.

In conclusion, the beauty and elegance of Baroque horses are undeniable. I suggest you learn about these remarkable horses and consider becoming part of the equestrian community. Whether you are a seasoned equestrian or simply an admirer of horses, they are sure to capture your heart and imagination.

Thanks for reading, continue to explore the world of Baroque horses and other breeds below!

Cheers, Kacey

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Disclaimer Notice: Please be aware that horseback riding and related equestrian activities carry inherent risks. The advice and experiences shared on this blog are for informational purposes only and are not a substitute for professional training or advice. Ensure your safety and that of your horse by wearing appropriate gear, practicing safe horse handling, and consulting with certified equestrian professionals. Remember, each horse is unique, and techniques may vary accordingly. Always prioritize safety, respect, and patience in your equestrian endeavors.

Kacey Cleary Administrator
Kacey has been an equestrian since 1998. She was a working student at several eventing and dressage barns. She has owned horses, leased horses, and trained horses. Kacey received an A.S. in Equine Industries from UMass Amherst, where she rode on the dressage team. She was certified with the ARIA and is licensed to teach riding in MA. She has been a barn manager and has run her own horse farm.
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